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The table below encompasses the knitting abbreviations used by the US yarn industry designers and publishers. This is the industry platform or a backbone in a sense. Please use this as a foundation and build upon it.

AbbreviationDescription
altalternate
approxapproximately
byobackward yarn over
begbeginning
betbetween
BObind off
cncable needle
COcast on
contcontinue
CCcontrasting color
decdecrease
dpndouble-pointed needles
follfollow
incincrease
kknit
kfbknit 1 into front and back of a stitch; single knit increase
kspknit 1 stitch, slip this stitch from right needle to left needle, pass second stitch on left needle over first stitch and off left needle; return stitch to right needle; single right-leaning decrease
k2togknit 2 stitches together; single right-leaning decrease
k1Bknit stitch in row below
kwiseknitwise
LHleft hand
lploop
MCmain color
M1lpmake one left purlwise; single left-leaning purl increase
M1Lmake one left; single left-leaning knit increase
M1pmake one purlwise; single purl increase
M1rpmake one right purlwise; single right-leaning purl increase
M1Rmake one right; single right-leaning knit increase
M1 or M1Kmake one stitch knitwise; single knit increase
mmarker
p2ssopass 2 slipped stitches over
pssopass slipped stitch over
pat or pattpattern
pmplace marker
prevprevious
ppurl
pfbpurl 1 into front and back of a stitch; single purl increase
p2togpurl 2 stitches together; single decrease
pwisepurlwise
remremaining
reprepeat
rev St streverse stockinette stitch
RHright hand
RSright side
rndround
slslip
sl1kslip 1 knitwise
SKPslip 1 knitwise, knit 1, pass slip stitch over knit stitch; single left-leaning decrease
SK2Pslip 1 knitwise, knit 2 together, pass slip stitch over knit 2 together; double left-leaning decrease
sl1pslip 1 purlwise
S2KP2slip 2 stitches as if to knit 2 together, knit 1, pass 2 slipped stitches over knit stitch; centered double decrease
sskslip 2 stitches knitwise, knit these 2 stitches together through back loops; single left-leaning decrease
sspslip 2 stitches knitwise, return these 2 stitches to left needle and purl them together through back loopsl; single left-leaning decrease
SSPP2slip 2 stitches knitwise, return these 2 stitches to left needle and then slip them as if to p2tog through back loops, purl 1, pass 2 slipped stitches over purl stitch; centered double decrease
ssskslip 3 stitches knitwise, knit these 3 stitches together through back loops; double left-leaning decrease
ssspslip 3 stitches knitwise, return these 3 stitches to left needle and purl these 3 stitches together through back loops; double leftleaning decrease
smslip marker
sl stslip stitch
ststitch
St ststockinette stitch
tblthrough back loop
tflthrough front loop
togtogether
wyibwith yarn in back
wyifwith yarn in front
w&twrap and turn
WSwrong side
ybyarn back
yfwd or yfyarn forward
yoyarn over
yonyarn over needle
yrnyarn round needle
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